Kanha is not only one of India’s largest tiger’s reservoir and savior of many endangered species but Kanha is where wildlife breathes. A Tiger reserve in the Mandla and Balaghat districts of Madhya Pradesh, Kanha is mushrooming over breathtaking 940 sq kms.
Unfurl Kanha’s Jungle Book [read greens] and you will discern tall grassy meadows, stupendous panoramic views, tweeting birds and nature’s grandeur crying out to you to relive life in its arms as it stirred celebrated jungle book author, Rudyard Kipling. In our records, year 1955 owes onus to the origin of; now Asia’s largest wildlife park. Since its inception this park has been the natural habitat to rare hardground Barasingha (Cervus Duvaceli Branderi) and persists to be the home land for many rare species with its boundless conservation measures. Driving thrust to its eastern and western halves, the forests of Banjar Valley and Halon valley respectively continues to be the native soil of deer’s and tiger’s populace.
Kanha boasts of about 22 species of mammals. It’s wildlife family members include the gaur, the largest of the world's cattle; the sambar, the largest Indian deer; and the chausingha, the only four-horned antelope in the world. Other frequent visitors include the Nilgai antelope, the sloth bear, the dhole, or Indian wild dog, and a frequent leopard. But if you are still craving for more, then Kanha inhabits some 300 species of birds.
Shravantal is an old, earthen bound tank in the central Kanha meadows, which happens to be an important watering hole, for a large number of water fowl in winter. However, if you are one of the sunset sight lovers then don’t give Bamni Dadar a miss, which is also known as the Sunset Point. The view of sun sinking in clouds dipping in its diverse colors getting playful with the woods is mischievously magnetic. Nature is at its best here with quite a few animals like the sambar, gaur, the four-horned antelope and the barking deer wandering around adding to its beauty.
The park has a significant population of Royal Bengal Tiger
, the sloth bear
and Indian wild dog
However, if one animal species were to represent Kanha, it would probably be the Barasingha, or the swamp deer. The Barasinghas at Kanha are unique, being the hard ground variety, which populate the large open tracts of grass amidst the forests of teak and bamboo. Twenty years ago, the Bbarasingha was faced with extinction but some desperate measures including the fencing-off of some animals helped save them and again the air in Kanha bugle with their rutting calls.
Kanha National Park is one of the India’s finest tiger reserves. It is spread more than 940 sq km in a horse shoe shaped valley bound by the spurs of the Maikal range the park presents a varies topography Kanha national park is more famous for its wildlife, the natural beauty of its landscape is just as fascinating.
In the 1930s, Kanha area was divided into two sanctuaries, Hallon and Banjar, of 250 and 300 km² each. Together with a surrounding buffer zone of 1009 km² and the neighboring 110 km² Phen Sanctuary it forms the Kanha Tiger Reserve. The park was created in 1955 by a special law and, since then, it has dedicated itself in preserving a variety of animal species. Many endangered species have indeed been saved here.
The lowland forest is a mixture of sal (shorea robusta) and other mixed forest trees, interspersed with meadows. The highland forests are tropical moist dry deciduous type and of a completely different nature with bamboo on slopes (dendrocalamus strictus). A very good looking Indian ghost tree (kullu) can also be seen in the dense.Kanha Tiger Reserve abounds in meadows or maidans which are basically open grasslands that have sprung up in fields of abundant villages, evacuated to make way for the animals. Kanha meadow is one such example.
There are many species of grass recorded at Kanha some of which are important for the survival of Barasingha (Cervus duvauceli branderi). Dense forested zones with good crown cover has abundant species of climbers, shrubs and herbs flourishing in the understory. Aquatic plants in numerous "tal" (lakes) are life line for migratory and wetland species of birds.
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